Are There Florida Medical Malpractice Caps on Medical Malpractice Damages?

Imagine trusting a medical professional with your well-being, only to be met with negligence or outright error. The aftermath? Physical pain, emotional trauma, and a mountain of unforeseen expenses. 

Tragically, this isn’t just a hypothetical scenario. Thousands across the United States grapple with the harrowing effects of medical malpractice each year. Even more alarming, in 2022, Florida stood as the third leading state in adverse medical actions and malpractice payment reports, as evidenced by the National Practitioner Data Bank.

Navigating the aftermath isn’t straightforward, either. While patients have the right to seek compensation for their damages, the laws on medical malpractice vary by state, including the caps on damages that can be awarded. In this blog, we’ll examine the Florida medical malpractice caps and what they mean if you’ve suffered from medical negligence.

Do you have questions? We’re here to help. Call us at (561) 473-9800 to schedule a FREE consultation with an experienced and compassionate West Palm Beach medical malpractice lawyer. You don’t need to suffer alone!

History of Medical Malpractice Caps in Florida

In the early 2000s, Florida legislators implemented medical malpractice damage caps as a response to what they deemed a “crisis” in medical malpractice insurance rates. 

They believed that placing a cap on the amount of non-economic damages (such as pain and suffering) a victim could receive would help reduce skyrocketing insurance premiums for medical professionals. 

This, in turn, was intended to ensure that doctors and healthcare providers would remain in the state and continue to offer their services.

Florida Supreme Court’s Ruling

However, in 2017, the Florida Supreme Court declared these caps unconstitutional. In the case that led to this groundbreaking decision, the Court argued that the caps violated equal protection rights under Florida’s Constitution. 

The Court stated that there was no evidence to support the idea that capping non-economic damages would lead to lower insurance premiums. They emphasized that such caps disproportionately affected those who suffered the most from medical negligence.

With the removal of these caps, victims of medical malpractice in Florida now have the potential to receive fair compensation for their pain and suffering, as well as for economic damages like lost wages and medical expenses.

The Key Elements of a Medical Malpractice Claim

Proving Medical Negligence

Medical malpractice goes beyond a mere mistake. It requires demonstrating that a medical professional acted negligently, resulting in harm to the patient. 

This often involves comparing the actions of the accused professional to a “standard of care” – what a reasonably competent professional would have done in similar circumstances. If it’s determined that the standard of care wasn’t met, you may have grounds for a claim. 

Statute of Limitations for Filing a Claim

In Florida, there’s a specific time frame within which you must file a medical malpractice claim, known as the statute of limitations. Typically, you have two years from when the malpractice was discovered or should have been discovered. 

However, there are nuances. For instance, even if you discover the malpractice years later, there’s an overall limit of four years from the actual date of the incident to file a lawsuit, with some exceptions. 

It’s crucial to note that these are general guidelines. Your case might have unique circumstances that alter these timelines. This underscores the importance of seeking the assistance of an experienced West Palm Beach personal injury lawyer as soon as possible. 

Potential Damages You Can Recover

In a medical malpractice case, there are two primary types of damages: economic and non-economic. Economic damages include tangible losses like medical bills, lost wages, and any future medical treatment or lost earning capacity. 

Non-economic damages, on the other hand, cover intangible harms like pain and suffering, mental anguish, and emotional distress. In Florida, since the caps have been removed, the potential non-economic damages can be substantial, especially in cases of severe harm or wrongful death.

The Role of Insurance Companies in Medical Malpractice Cases

Insurance’s Stance on Medical Malpractice

Insurance companies are in the business of minimizing their payouts. When facing a medical malpractice claim, they might employ various tactics to reduce the amount they pay or avoid payment altogether. 

This could involve disputing the extent of your injuries, questioning the liability of their insured medical professional, or challenging the legitimacy of the claim itself.

Negotiating with the Insurance Company

An experienced personal injury lawyer plays an essential role during negotiations. They understand the tactics insurance companies use and can counteract them effectively. 

Your attorney can accurately assess the worth of a claim and ensure that you don’t settle for less than you’re entitled to receive. It’s crucial to avoid making statements or accepting offers without legal counsel, as insurance adjusters are skilled in getting information that might harm your case.

When Insurance Doesn’t Settle

Sometimes, insurance companies won’t agree to a fair settlement. Taking the case to court might be the best option in such instances. While this can be a longer, more arduous process, it’s sometimes necessary to ensure you receive fair compensation.

The Financial Implications of Medical Malpractice

Immediate and Future Medical Costs

Medical malpractice can lead to hefty medical bills, not just for immediate treatment but also for long-term care or rehabilitation. These costs can include surgeries, medication, therapy, and any assistive devices you might need. 

An accurate assessment of both present and future medical expenses is crucial in determining the compensation you should seek.

Lost Wages and Earning Capacity

If your injury keeps you out of work, you’re entitled to compensation for your lost wages. Additionally, if the malpractice has impaired your ability to work in the future, you might be eligible for damages concerning your diminished earning capacity. 

Here, a seasoned lawyer can be invaluable, ensuring accurate assessments of lost earnings and potential future income.

Emotional and Psychological Impact

Apart from the physical pain, victims of medical malpractice often grapple with emotional trauma, anxiety, depression, and other psychological effects. 

These non-economic damages, like pain and suffering or mental anguish, play a significant role in the overall valuation of your claim.

Given the complexity and depth of these financial implications, partnering with an experienced lawyer ensures that no financial detail is overlooked. Their skill and experience can help in making accurate assessments, ensuring you’re compensated fairly and fully for both immediate and future impacts of the malpractice.

Understanding Wrongful Death Claims in Florida

Differentiating Medical Malpractice and Wrongful Death

While medical malpractice focuses on negligence causing injury, wrongful death claims are pursued when negligence results in the death of a patient. 

It’s important to understand that a wrongful death claim isn’t just limited to medical malpractice; it could arise from car accidents, defective products, and other scenarios where someone’s negligence leads to a fatality.

Who Can File a Wrongful Death Claim?

In Florida, the personal representative of the deceased’s estate is the one who typically files a wrongful death claim. This person is either named in the deceased’s will or appointed by the court. 

While the claim is filed by this representative, it’s on behalf of the deceased’s immediate family members, such as spouses, children, or parents.

Damages in Wrongful Death Claims

The damages recoverable in wrongful death claims differ somewhat from standard medical malpractice claims. They might include funeral expenses, loss of companionship and support, lost wages and benefits the deceased would have provided, and emotional pain and suffering of the surviving family members. 

Again, the experience of a West Palm Beach medical malpractice lawyer is invaluable in navigating the complexities of these claims. By working together, you and your attorney can help hold negligent providers accountable and create a safer, more just healthcare system for everyone.

Been a Victim of Medical Malpractice in Florida? Seek Justice with DiBiaggio Law

When medical malpractice hits close to home, it can be one of the most challenging times of your life. At DiBiaggio Law, we’re not just your attorney but your compassionate partner, committed to ensuring your voice is heard and your rights protected. 

With Deirdre DiBiaggio at the helm, our firm has a track record spanning over 30 years, championing the rights of victims of medical malpractice cases in Florida across Palm Beach, Broward, Miami-Dade, and Monroe Counties.

We know that medical negligence doesn’t just hurt physically; its ripple effects can reverberate throughout your life. Our team at DiBiaggio Law recognizes this profound impact. We’re committed to securing justice and ensuring you receive maximum compensation, covering both tangible costs and the immeasurable emotional toll.

Call us today at (561) 473-9800 or complete our online form to book your FREE consultation with a West Palm Beach medical malpractice lawyer. Let us shoulder the legal burden while you focus on healing and recovery.

Copyright © 2023. DiBiaggio Law. All rights reserved.

The information in this blog post (“post”) is provided for general informational purposes only and may not reflect the current law in your jurisdiction. No information in this post should be construed as legal advice from the individual author or the law firm, nor is it intended to be a substitute for legal counsel on any subject matter. No reader of this post should act or refrain from acting based on any information included in or accessible through this post without seeking the appropriate legal or other professional advice on the particular facts and circumstances at issue from a lawyer licensed in the recipient’s state, country, or other appropriate licensing jurisdiction.

DiBiaggio Law
605 Belvedere Road, Suite 17
West Palm Beach, FL 33405
(561) 473-9800

Posted in

Deirdre DiBiaggio

Scroll To Top Skip to content